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Clerk's Office > Elections > Candidate Office Requirements

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Office Requirements for County Candidates
Note: All Candidates Must be U.S. Citizens.

OFFICE AGE RESIDENCY TERM OF OFFICE VACANCIES SPECIAL
County Assessor 18 Resident of county one year prior to election and registered voter. 4 years County court or commissioners appoints qualified person to serve until successor is elected at next regular biennial election.

Must be certified appraiser and have two years accounting experience or two years employment in appraiser's office. Must be certified to be eligible by Dept. of Revenue.

County Auditor 18 Resident of county one year prior to election. 4 years County court or commissioners appoints qualified person to serve until successor is elected at next regular biennial election. Must be registered CPA.
County Clerk 18 Resident of county one year prior to election and registered voter. 4 years County court or commissioners appoints qualified person to serve until successor is elected at next regular biennial election. None.
County Commissioner 18 Resident of county one year prior to election and registered voter. 4 years County court or commissioners appoints qualified person to serve until successor is elected at next regular biennial election. None.
County Judge 18-75 Resident of county one year prior to election and registered voter. 4 years Governor appoints qualified person to serve until successor is elected at next regular biennial election.

None.

County Sheriff 21 Resident of county one year prior to election and registered voter. 4 years County court or commissioners appoints qualified person to serve until successor is elected at next regular biennial election. 4 years experience in law enforcement. Must be certified by the Board of Police within 1 year of taking office. Proof of certification or eligibility must be provided to filing officer.
County Surveyor 18 Resident of county one year prior to election and registered voter. 4 years County court or commissioners appoints qualified person to serve until successor is elected at next regular biennial election. Must be registered as a professional land surveyor in the state. County resident requirement does not apply to counties of less than 20,000 population.
County Treasurer 18 Resident of county one year prior to election and registered voter. 4 years County court or commissioners appoints qualified person to serve until successor is elected at next regular biennial election. None.
Justice of the Peace 18-75 Resident of state 3 years and residence or office in district one year prior to appointment or becoming a candidate. 6 years Governor appoints qualified person to serve until successor is elected at next regular biennial election. None.
Precinct Committeeperson 18 Must be a resident of the precinct or of an adjoining precinct in the same county. 2 years Filled according to ORS 248.043. Term is from 24th day after primary to 24th day after next primary.

 

Office Requirements for Nonpartisan State Candidates
Note: All Candidates Must be U.S. Citizens.

OFFICE AGE RESIDENCY TERM OF OFFICE VACANCIES SPECIAL
Superintendent of Public Instruction 18 Resident of state. 4 years Governor appoints qualified person to serve until successor is elected at next regular biennial election.

None

Supreme Court Judge 18-75 Resident of state 3 years prior to election or appointment 6 years Governor appoints qualified person to serve until successor is elected at next regular biennial election. Must be admitted to practice law in the Oregon Supreme Court at time of election or appointment.
Appeals Court Judge 18-75 Elector of county of residence. 6 years Governor appoints qualified person to serve until successor is elected at next regular biennial election. Must be admitted to practice law in the state.
Tax Court Judge 18-75 Resident of state. 6 years Governor appoints qualified person to serve until successor is elected at next regular biennial election. Must be admitted to practice law for 3 years in the Oregon Supreme Court at the time of election or appointment.
Circuit Court Judge 18-75 ORS 3.041 6 years Governor appoints qualified person to serve until successor is elected at next regular biennial election.

Must be admitted to practice law in the Oregon Supreme Court at time of election or appointment.

District Court Judge None ORS 46.610 6 years Governor appoints qualified person to serve until successor is elected at next regular biennial election. Must be a member of the Oregon State Bar at the time of election or appointment.
District Attorney 18 Resident of state. 4 years Governor appoints qualified person to serve until successor is elected at next regular biennial election. Must be admitted to practice law in the Oregon Supreme Court at time of election or appointment.

 

Office Requirements for Partisan National and State Candidates
Note: All Candidates Must be U.S. Citizens.

OFFICE AGE RESIDENCY TERM OF OFFICE VACANCIES
President 35

Natural born citizen and resident of U.S. for 14 years.

U.S. Const., Art. II, §1

4 years
May serve two consecutive terms.
Succession order:
1. Vice President
2. Congress to appoint officer.
U.S. Const., Art. II, §1
U.S. Senator 30

Resident of state and U.S. citizen for 9 years prior to election.

U.S. Const., Art. I, §3

6 years

Governor shall call special election to fill vacancy.

U.S. Const., Art. I; ORS 188.120

U.S. Representative 25

Resident of state and U.S. citizen for 7 years prior to election.

U.S. Const., Art. I, §2

2 years

Governor shall call special election to fill vacancy.

U.S. Const., Art. I; ORS 188.120

Governor 30

Resident of state for 3 years prior to election.

Ore. Const., Art. V, §2

4 years
May serve two consecutive terms in 12 years.

Succession order:
1. Secretary of State
2. State Treasurer
3. President of the Senate
4. Speaker of the House
Ore. Const., Art. V, §8a

Secretary of State 18 Resident of state. 4 years
May serve two consecutive terms in 12 years.
Governor appoints qualified person to serve until successor is elected at next regular biennial election.
Ore. Const., Art. V, §16
State Treasurer 18 Resident of state. 4 years
May serve two consecutive terms in 12 years.
Governor appoints qualified person to serve until successor is elected at next regular biennial election.
Ore. Const., Art. V, §16
Attorney General 18 Resident of state. 4 years Governor appoints qualified person to serve until successor is elected at next regular biennial election.
ORS 180.040
Commissioner of the Bureau of Labor and Industries 18

Resident of state for 5 years prior to election.

ORS 651.030

4 years Governor appoints qualified person to serve until successor is elected at next regular biennial election.
Ore. Const., Art. V, §16
State Senator 21

Resident of district for 1 year prior to election.

Ore. Const., Art. IV, §8

4 years ORS 171.051
State Representative 21

Resident of district for 1 year prior to election.

Ore. Const., Art. IV, §8

2 years ORS 171.051

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Eligibility Requirements For School/Special District Director Candidates
Note: All Candidates Must be U.S. Citizens.

DISTRICT/ORS REFERENCE MUST BE A REGISTERED ELECTOR IN THE DISTRICT PERIOD OF RESIDENCY REQUIREMENT MUST BE A LANDOWNER IN THE DISTRICT EMPLOYEE PROHIBITED FROM SERVING
AMBULANCE
440.325 & 440.330(6)
Yes None No Yes
CEMETERY MAINTENANCE
265.050(1)
Yes None No No
COLLEGE
341.326(2) & 341.275(2)
Yes None No Yes
E.S.D.
334.090(5) & (6)
Yes 1 Year No Yes
FIRE
478.050
Yes, or a
Landowner
None Yes, or an
Elector
Yes, if district
has an ordinance
HOSPITAL
440.325 & 440.330(6)
Yes None No Yes
PARK & REC.
266.310(2)
Yes None No No
PORT
777.135(1)
Yes None No No
SANITARY
450.045(2)
Yes, or a
Landowner
None Yes, or an
Elector
No
SCHOOL
332.016 & 332.018(2)
Yes 1 Year No Yes (Unless
employed a
substitute driver)
SPECIAL ROAD
371.349, 371.323
Yes None No No
WATER
264.410
Yes, unless district has fewer than 100 electors None No, unless district has less than 100 electors No
WATER CONTROL
553.210(1)
No None Yes, but do not have to reside within district No
JOINT WATER/ SANITARY
450.635(5) & (6)
Yes None No Yes

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Notice: The information provided here is for convenience ONLY.  The records located at the Douglas County Clerk's office are the one and only legal instruments.  Although reasonable attempts are made to maintain this information as accurate as possible, these documents are being provided as an informational convenience ONLY.  Douglas County in no way will be liable for any inaccuracies, inconsistencies, errors, omissions, or other deviations in these documents from the original copies maintained and filed at the Douglas County Clerk Office, Roseburg, Oregon.